Nuclear-powered research reactor construction projects were implemented in the 60-70s in Egypt and Iraq. Those were small research reactors with a capacity not exceeding 5 mW that served as preparation steps for the development of a future peaceful nuclear program in terms of the development of nuclear technologies, personnel training, materials science, isotopic production for industrial needs and nuclear medicine. Some nuclear experts from these countries were trained at Soviet research schools at that time.

Rosatom is currently implementing projects on constructing NPPs in Egypt, Jordan and Turkey. Bushehr NPP was commissioned in 2014. The next nuclear power plant unit is already being built at Bushehr NPP. Rosatomís projects in Middle East include uranium productsí supply for Barakah NPP to the UAE, isotopes supply to the UAE, Egypt and Iran. NUKEM Technologies (part of Rosatom) heads international consortium that is currently implementing a project on creating a facility for handling RAW in Iraq.†