The history of cooperation in peaceful use of nuclear energy started in 60s of the 20th century. In particular, countries such as Libya and Egypt built research reactors based on Russian nuclear technologies. It was small research reactors up to 5 MW capacity aimed at development of future peaceful nuclear program in terms of the personnel training, materials science, isotopes production for nuclear medicine and industrial needs and so on. A number of specialists went through the Russian nuclear school at the time.

Rosatom is currently implementing projects on constructing NPPs in Egypt, Iran and Turkey. Bushehr NPP Unit 1 was commissioned in 2011. Units 2 and 3 are already being built at Bushehr NPP. Rosatom’s projects in Middle East include uranium products’ supply for Barakah NPP to the UAE, isotopes supply to Iran. NUKEM Technologies (part of Rosatom) heads international consortium that is currently implementing a project on creating a facility for handling RAW in Iraq.